Throughout history the architecture of the Islamic world adapted and responded to different cultures and existing traditions of buildings without weakening the spiritual essence which was its source of inspiration.
Water and light are also of paramount importance to Islamic architectural decoration as they generate additional layers of patterns and – just as happens with surface decoration – they transform space. Space is defined by surface and since surface is articulated by decoration, there is an intimate connection in Islamic architecture between space and decoration.
Little furniture is traditionally used for daily life in Islam, decoration contributes to the creation of a sense of continuous space that is a hallmark of Islamic architecture.
An element of Islamic art that is usually found decorating the walls of mosques and Muslim homes and buildings, the Arabesque is an elaborate application of repeating geometric forms that often echo the forms of plants, shapes and sometimes animals (specifically birds).